Visual Basic Scripting Edition  

Using VBScript with Objects

Using Objects

Whether you use an ActiveX® control (formerly called an OLE control) or a Java object, Microsoft Visual Basic Scripting Edition and Microsoft® Internet Explorer handle it the same way. If you're using Internet Explorer and have installed the Label control, you can see the page produced by the following code.

You include an object using the <OBJECT> tags and set its initial property values using <PARAM> tags. If you're a Visual Basic programmer, you'll recognize that using the <PARAM> tags is just like setting initial properties for a control on a form. For example, the following set of <OBJECT> and <PARAM> tags adds the ActiveX Label control to a page:

<PARAM NAME="Angle" VALUE="90">
<PARAM NAME="Alignment" VALUE="4">
<PARAM NAME="BackStyle" VALUE="0">
<PARAM NAME="Caption" VALUE="A Simple Desultory Label">
<PARAM NAME="FontName" VALUE="Verdana, Arial, Helvetica">
<PARAM NAME="FontSize" VALUE="20">
<PARAM NAME="FontBold" VALUE="1">
<PARAM NAME="FrColor" VALUE="0">

You can get properties, set properties, and invoke methods just as with any of the form controls. The following code, for example, includes <FORM> controls you can use to manipulate two properties of the Label control:

<FORM NAME="LabelControls">
<INPUT TYPE="BUTTON" NAME="cmdChangeIt" VALUE="Change Text">
<INPUT TYPE="BUTTON" NAME="cmdRotate" VALUE="Rotate Label">

With the form defined, an event procedure for the cmdChangeIt button changes the label text:

Sub cmdChangeIt_onClick
   Dim TheForm
   Set TheForm = Document.LabelControls
   lblActiveLbl.Caption = TheForm.txtNewText.Value
End Sub

The code qualifies references to controls and values inside the forms just as in the Simple Validation example.

Several ActiveX controls are available for use with Internet Explorer. You can find complete information about the properties, methods, and events there, as well as the class identifiers (CLSID) for the controls on the Microsoft® Web site ( You can find more information about the <OBJECT> tag on the Internet Explorer 4.0 Author's Guide and HTML Reference page.

Note   Earlier releases of Internet Explorer required braces ({}) around the classid attribute and did not conform to the W3C specification. Using braces with the current release generates a "This page uses an outdated version of the <OBJECT> tag" message.